Enjoy Rugby

Know Rugby Field Outline

A football game as Rugby was initially known was played back then between the years of 1749 and 1823. The game was played by kicking the ball to the opponents’ side. The rules of the game were few, that is touching, handling and kicking the ball. 

However, the rules changed when one William Ebb Ellis of Rugby School in Warwickshire decided to break the rules. He caught the ball and instead of putting it down for a kick, he ran with it towards the goal. And that was that. It was the origin of the Rugby game.

The Rugby basics

Rugby is divided into two main types. Rugby Union and Rugby League. Initially, there was only one team. The split happened back in 1895 when some team members felt aggrieved by objections of payments known as “broken time.” The amount was for compensation of time-off work for the working class.

The Rugby Team

In Rugby Union, the game is played by two teams consisting of 15 team members on each side. While in League the team members are 13 on each side.

The Rugby Field

    Rugby ground

The ground where the pitch is laid out should be grass pitch or another kind of surfaces that are not hard to inflict injury when one falls.


Around the pitch, there are touch-lines on each lengthwise facing sides and dead-ball lines at each widthwise facing sides. The four joining lines which make a triangle are important lines for a rugby game.

If any of these lines is touched by either the player carrying the ball or the ball itself rolls on the tracks, then it is said the “ball is out of play.” In such a case the game must stop and should then restart.

    The halfway line

It is the center of the pitch line that divides the pitch widthwise. Both teams have their side they defend and attack the opposite side which is their opponents’ side. After half of the time of play, the teams swap sides.

The halfway line is also where the start of the game kicks-off and even the restarts kicks-off.

    Goal line

For each side, there is a goal line with a goal post at the center of the line.

    In-goal area

The in-goal area is the area between the goal line and the dead-ball line.

    22-meter line

The 22-meter line is a line running widthwise parallel to the goal line towards the center. From the goal line to the 22-meter line, both lines are 22m apart.

    22-metre area

It is the area in between the 22metre line and the goal line. The area is used to sometimes game start by a dropkick. The drop kick must then cross the 22-meter line. Both the 22-meter line and the area are on both sides of the field.

    5-meter line from the goal line

The line is a mark of the distance from the goal line where a penalty or a scrum is awarded. It is usually a dashed line which intersects 5 meter and 15-meter lines.

    10-meter line

The 10-meter line is placed widthwise and marked with a dashed line on both sides of the field. The line is marked 10 m from the center line. In Rugby, the line is used to mark the starting point of a game or restarting point after a point has been scored. The ball is kicked off by a dropkick from the center line, and it must travel beyond the 10-meter line.

    5-meter line

A 5-meter line is a line at the front of lineout line. It is a dashed line that runs lengthwise from another 5-meter widthwise line to the next one. The distance from the lineout and 5-meter line is 5 meters. When the ball touches the lineout or goes beyond it which is known as “into touch” the play stops. The game restarts by the ball being kicked, and it must travel beyond 5-meter line towards the field.

    15-meter line

The 15-meter line is just like the 5-meter line, only that the distance between the line and the touchline is 15 meters towards the field. In most cases, free kicks, scrums, or penalties take place within 15 meters from the touchline. 

That gives you the layout of the field. With this information, you will be able to understand the rules of the rugby game when watching it. It will make you feel good when you hear the referee’s whistle and know what it means. Or rather with a few other lessons, who knows, you can become a referee.